History and Developments in International Cricket (ICC)
In the 20th century the International cricket in the early time was dominated by original members of the Imperial Cricket by England, Australia, and South Africa. Later it has renamed the International Cricket Conference and then again changed to International Cricket Council (ICC), the ICC slowly take over more responsibility for the admin of the cricket game and it shifted its power base (i.e., head office) from west to east.
In 2005 the International cricket board (ICC) moved the offices from Lord’s in London—home of the MCC, the cricket game original rulers and its lawmakers to Dubai, The priorities of the cricket game was changed too. By the turn to the 21st century, only Australia and the England still played Test cricket to the full houses. And everywhere else, and particularly in India & Pakistan, crowds are interested to see limited overs cricket international matches. The ICC developed its own Code of cricket that conduct for players, administrators and officials, sets a disciplinary procedure that protects the spirit of the fantasy cricket game. It had organized major number of international tournaments, which including the one-day international (50 Overs) and Twenty20 World Cups (T20) and mostly Champions Trophy. In 2003 the ICC set up the Anti-Corruption Unit and Security Unit to focus on the growing of threat of illegal gambling & match fixings. And at the beginning of the 2010s, the ICC had 10 full members, affiliate members and dozens of associates.
Cricket is used to play in every corner of India, on streets, in village fields, and on grounds like open playing cricket fields. Historically, Indian cricketers have focused on good eye and strong wrists, and Indian cricketers like Sunil Gavaskar & Sachin Tendulkar, who have been most productive and stylish players in the history of cricket. The dry and green flat pitches of the Indian subcontinent and have traditionally delivered high-class spin bowlers.
The origins of the cricket game in India date from the 18th century. English cricket gentleman, cricketer named Lord Hawke played the first cricket match against India team in the January 1893. India played its first Test match in the year of 1932 and waited of about 20 years for its 1st Test victory, against England team in Madras (now it was Chennai). The cricket game had developed very fast in India, however, by the end of the 20th century the India was one of the world’s best cricketing countries. And later with the growth of the Indian Premier League (IPL) in the early 21st century, it became as the reputed home of Twenty20 (T20) cricket and financial hub of the international cricket game, though the popularity of International Test cricket has reduced dramatically in India. India’s most prominence in one-day cricket (50-50) was further confirmed as top when it won the Cricket World Cup in 2011 under captaincy of MS Dhoni.
In the 21st century the advent of Twenty20 cricket (T20) and the biggest success of the Indian Premium League in the first decade of the 21st century make a great innovation in the cricket game. The trendy, truncated form of the cricket privileged batting, by restricting the placement of fielders in powerplay and shortening the length of boundaries etc. To counter free-scoring of batsmen with heavy bats, and the bowlers began as perfect with a great variety of different balls like pace deliveries, slow spin-bowling, which makes the batsman to generate attack i.e., to boost the power to propel the batted ball, whereas the fast bowling will get more force to the batsman’s swing), proved as a surprising effective weapon. Along with that the new shots like helicopter shot, Cover drive, Reverse sweep that became as commonplace for batsmen in T20 cricket.
Reverse sweep: wherein a right-handed batsman, changes hands to swing at the ball like a left-hander (or a left-hander swing like a right-handed batsman). Batmen also began executing the scoop shots, this is shot played almost vertically over top from the wicketkeeper’s head. The Test cricket also benefited with these new techniques and by the new techniques and creativity, and the bowler’s delivery options also disguised to look like an off-spinner. that turns the ball away from the right-handed batsman like a leg-spinner. This was introduced and developed by the Pakistan’s off-spinner Saqlain Mushtaq and the other one who was good with the ball was perfected by Muttiah Muralitharan from Sri Lanka,
Cricket is also followed by the sports using video technology in making decisions like 3rd umpire. Initially, it was tested for first time in 1992. This will help for only online decisions like Run outs, which were decided by on field umpire to a third umpire off the field. But in the 2008 they implemented a new referral system, In this the players were allowed to ask for any on field decision with the third umpire, Both sides have two referrals option known as review for every innings. The third umpire declare that result with the umpire. If it was wrong decision the field umpire will change the original decision This system was designed to removes an umpire’s fault or obvious mistakes and it was improved the smartness and more enthusiasm by players/captains than umpires.